The Constitution of Sri Lanka specifies in its section on 'official languages' that Sinhala and Tamil are the 'national languages' of Sri Lanka, while English is labelled a 'link language'. English is used by many Sri Lankans as their second language. There is also a small group of L1 speakers of English in Sri Lanka. As Mesthrie and Bhatt (2008: 200) point out, "Sri Lankan English is not simply 'English in Sri Lanka', but a variety with a certain regional and social identity."
Population: c. 23 million.
Mendis, D. & H. Rambukwella (2010) Sri Lankan Englishes. In Kirkpatrick, A. (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes. London: Routledge, pp. 181-196.
Mesthrie, R. & Bhatt, R. M. (2008) World Englishes: The Study of New Linguistic Varieties. Cambridge: CUP.
Mukherjee, J. Schilk, M. & T. Bernaisch (2010) Compiling the Sr Lankan component of ICE: principles, problems, prospects. ICAME Journal 34: 64-77.