Ireland (ICE-IRL) @

The ICE Ireland project includes both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and was carried out at The Queen's University Belfast and Trinity College Dublin.

Website: http// - under 'Research Projects', see 'ICE-Ireland' and 'SPICE-Ireland'.



Dr John Kirk
4 Parkvue Manor
Gilnahirk Park

Belfast BT5 7TJ
Northern Ireland


Dr Jeffrey Kallen
Centre for Language and Communication Studies
Trinity College Dublin
Dublin 2



English has been spoken in Ireland since the sixteenth century. By 1800, it was regularly used by around 50% of the population, and is now the first language of 98-99% of the population (McArthur 1992). The remaining 1-2% speak Irish Gaelic. In the Republic of Ireland, Irish Gaelic is the official language, with English designated as the 'second official language'. Population: c.3.8 million (Republic), c.1.6 million (Northern Ireland).

Kallen, Jeffrey L & John M. Kirk (2012) SPICE-Ireland: A User's Guide. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona.
Kallen, Jeffrey L & John M. Kirk
(2008) ICE-Ireland: A User's Guide. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona.
Kallen, Jeffrey L & John M. Kirk (2007) 'ICE Ireland: Local Variations on Global Standards, in Beal, Joan C., Karen P. Corrigan, and Hermann L. Moisl (eds) Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora, vol. 1: Synchronic Databases. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp.121-62.
Kirk, John M. & Jeffrey L. Kallen (2006) 'Irish Standard English: How Celticised? How Standardised?', in Tristram, Hildegard L.C. (ed.) The Celtic Englishes IV: The Interface between Englsh and the Celtic Languages. Potsdam: Potsdamer Universitätsverlag. pp.88-113.


Online Newspapers

Irish Times
Belfast Telegraph
Online Radio Stations
RTE Radio
BBC Radio Ulster

© 2009 The ICE Project