Hong Kong (ICE-HK) @

A lexical version of ICE-HK is available to download from this site. It was compiled jointly by researchers from The University of Hong Kong and The Chinese University of Hong Kong.


Professor Kingsley Bolton
Linguistics & Multimedia Studies
Nanyang Technological University



Listen to Hong Kong English
A selection of sound files from the corpus


English and Cantonese are co-official languages.  English is spoken by around 38% of the population, of whom some 3.1% regard English as their 'usual' language. 34.9% claim to speak English as 'another'  language (Hong Kong Government by-census 1996). Since 1995, the official language policy has been to educate a 'trilingual' (Cantonese, Putonghua, English) and 'biliterate' (Cantonese, English) population. Population: c.6.7m.

Bolton, K. (ed.) (2000) Special issue of World Englishes, on 'Hong Kong English: Autonomy and Creativity'. World Englishes 19:3.
Pennington, M.C. (ed.) (1998) Language in Hong Kong at Century's End. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.


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